1. What are tenses? Everyday we speak about things we did in the past, things we are doing now, and things we are going to do in the future. We do so by using verb “tenses” that indicate time—the past tense, the present tense, and the future tense. With each tense, we change the form of the verb (called “conjugating” the verb) to express the timeline of the sentence.   2. Examples To express ... »

Subject-Verb Agreement

1. What is Subject-Verb Agreement? When writing and speaking in present tenses, the subjects and verbs in a sentence need to be in the same form, or, “agree” with each other, and that’s called subject-verb agreement (SVA). Subjects and verbs have single and plural forms, and it’s important not to mix them up. All sentences need a subject and a verb to be complete, but if they don’t match, the sent... »

Present Tense

1. What is the Present Tense? When writing and speaking, we use the present tense to talk about what we are doing or what’s going on now; in the present. We use certain forms of verbs to show that the timeline for the sentence is currently happening or continuing to happen. But, even in the present, things are always happening in different ways, at slightly or very different times, and over differ... »

Past Tense

1. What is the Past Tense? The past tense is the way we share and discuss things that happened before now; in the past. To write and speak in the past tense, we use verb forms that show that the time in the sentence has already occurred. But, the past is a huge timeline—it can range from five minutes ago, to yesterday, to last week, to last month, to years or centuries ago! Things we want to share... »

Future Tense

1. What is a Future Tense? If we want to write and speak about things that we think will or could happen in the future, we have to use the future tense. It shows that the timeline of the action hasn’t actually occurred yet, but will later. We discuss all kinds of things about the future, from wishes to predictions; starting tonight, tomorrow, or even 20 years from now, so there are different types... »

Active and Passive Voice

1. What is the “voice” in a sentence? In English, we can use active or passive verbs to determine the focus of a sentence. These form the voices of a sentence: the active voice and the passive voice. Most of the time, we write and speak in the active voice because it is the clearest and easiest way to share information. In general, teachers encourage students to avoid the passive voice in their wr... »